Order No. 277 of the Minister of Health Vilnius, April 17, 1975

Concerning the closing of the Vilnius children's tuberculosis sanatorium "Vilnelė" and the establishment of the Vilnius municipal skin and venereal disease health center.

"Putting into effect the January 27, 1975, decisions of the Central Committtee of the Communist Party of Lithuania, the Council of Ministers of the Lithuanian SSR on the "additional means for strengthening the struggle against venereal diseases" and the April 3, 1975, order No. 188 of the Council of Ministers of the Lithuanian SSR which seeks to prevent the spread of venereal diseases and to guarantee the hospitalization of the victims of venereal diseases, I order:

An increase in the number of hospital beds provided for in the plan for 1975 (as follows):

Fro the Department of Health of the City of Vil nius—200 beds;

For the Department of Health of the City of Kaunas—100 beds;

For the Department of Health of the City of Šiauliai—45 beds,

with a reduction in the number of beds in the hospitals run by the Ministry of Health on the republic level.

An increase in budgetary appropriations for the operation of agencies where treatment and prevention activities (are carried out):

For the Department of Health of the City of Vilnius— 306,500 rubles, with 30,100 rubles being allocated for salaries.

For the Department of Health of the city of Šiauliai— 34,200 rubles, with a corresponding reduction in the appropriations for the agencies for treatment and prevention run by the Ministry of Health on the republic level.

(...) On May 1 of this year open a 200 bed skin and venereal disease health center at the Republic's skin and venereal disease health center central warehouse located at 6 Bokštas Street in Vilnius, (of the (said beds) 100 would be of the enclosed type, with a militia guard.)

(...) On June 1 of this year close the 300 bed Republic level Vilnius children's tuberculosis sanatorium "Vilnelė" and the organiza­tion in its facilities, located at 7 Nemenčinė Highway of a Republic level health center for children, while the facilities located at 25 Nemenčinė Highway would be used for a Republic level skin and venereal disease center with 150 beds.

(...) The children who need further treatment in a tuberculosis hospital or sanatorium should be transferred, as required, to a Republic level health center or to the Republic level children's tuberculosis sanatorium "Pušelė".

Kleiza The Minister of Health


Jurbarkas. (Mrs.) Anelė Paškauskienė was employed by the (City of) Jurbarkas Department of Public Utilities and was studying eco­nomics as a correspondence student. She was arrested in the fall of 1974. The Security forces had accused her of distributing anti-soviet leaflets and attempting to remove a typewriter from her office. After a long interrogation at security headquarters, Mrs. Paškauskienė has been placed in the psychiatric hospital of Lukiškiai Prison. Her husband and two small children remain at home.


In February, 1975, a half million Lithuanian postage stamps were found in the safes of the State Bank of Kaunas. The workers distributed a part among themselves. The rest was turned over to the

Kaunas Historical Museum. When the Security forces learned about (the find), the stamps were collected and burned. They were even removed from the museum collection.

A few years ago a similar situation arose with regard to some metal badges manufactured by a plant of the "Dailė" enterprise. A traditional Lithuanian wayside shrine was pictured on the badges. People enthusiastically bought the badges and wore them on their chests. One day an order given to recall all the badges from the kiosks and destroy them.

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Vilnius. In the Fall of 1974, a security officer entered the old book store in Vilnius and looked through the shelves. The following day he arrived in an automobile and collected all of the books of "nation­alist and idealist" content, as contrary to state ideology, and took them away. The following day the director of the store was fired, while the buyer was interrogated by the Security forces. One is no longer able to find more interesting pre-war publications in this bookstore.

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A memorial museum to Bishop M.(otiejus) Valančius has been erected in the Village of Nasrėnai, his birthplace. The Security forces recently removed the guestbook from the museum.

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On the eve of "Victory Day" 1975, anti-soviet leaflets appeared in Vilnius and Kaunas.

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Vilnius. On December 25 and 26, 1975, Vytautas Margaitis, an engineer at the "Elfa" plant was interrogated at Vilnius Security headquarters. Prior to the interrogation, a search of his residence was conducted. He is accused of making a speech before Simas Kudirka's departure (for the U.S.).


The achievements of historian A. Gaigalaitė from her employer's point of view are numerous, particularly in the area of her atheistic activities. In 1960 she was appointed the Chairman of the post-October Department of the Historical Section of the Academy of Sciences of Lithuania. At the end of 1960, she was appointed

Chairman of the Department of the History of the USSR at the Pedagogical Institute.

A few years ago she attempted to defend a doctoral disertation on the topic "Clericalism in Lithuania." The dissertation was left un­defended because she became lost in the stream of material col­lected and made some important "mistakes."

Č. Kantautas, the principal of Radviliškis High School in a 1973 article in Tiesa (No. 58) criticized A. Gaigalaitė and the other compilers of a Book of Readings on the History of the Lithuanian SSR. Their main fault was the inclusion of the Declaration of February 16, 1918, by which Lithuania was declared separated of Russia and an independent State and the Soviet Russian-Lithuanian treaty of July 12, 1920, by which Russia "without reservations recognizes the independence of the Lithuanian State...and of its own free will for all ages renounces all Russian sovereign rights, which she had with regard to the Lithuanian nation and its territory."

In May, 1974, A. Gaigalaitė was discharged as Chairman of the Department.

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Marengolcas was the Party secretary of the Department of History, who prepared a favorable report on Abelis Stražas, the chairman of the department, so the latter could sign up in line to purchase an auto­mobile. Stražas, a veteran of the Great War for the Fatherland, de­parted for Israel with another instructor. Marengolcas then lost his position as secretary. In the Fall of 1974, he was sent to a collective farm along with a group of students to harvest potatoes. While there, it happened that, Marengolcas, being of weak health, unintentionally became drunk. The chairman of the collective farm telephoned the institute. Drotvinas, the pro-rector of the institute, the new Party secretary, and Mykolas Michelbertas, the chairman of the department arrived at the farm and took the former Party secretary to the psychiatric hospital of Naujoji Vilnia. Since Maren­golcas has tuberculosis, about a week later he was transferred to a tuberculosis institution.

That is how Party members treat their colleagues, while saying that "man is man's brother."

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At the end of 1974, the (Party) Central Committee reorganized the History Department at the Pedagogical Institute, consolidating it with the Department of Education. Bajorūnas, who is not a historian, was appointed chairman. (Miss) A. Gaigalaitė was assigned the task of heading the atheistic efforts of the new department.


In April, 1975, Povilas Kulvecas (Kulvietis), the deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Lithuanian SSR, was discharged for obtaining a doctorate in economics by illegal means.

Though Kulvietis was born in Georgia and learned Lithuanian only in Lithuania, he was recently suspected of the sin of Lithuanian nationalism—since he showed sympathy for Lithuanians.

Tiesa published an article compromising him. Kulvietis was re­placed by a Russian.

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On May 10, 1975, during the course of a soccer game in "Žalgiris" stadium in Vilnius between the "Žalgiris" and "Dau­guva" teams, the militia gathered all of the more active fans and took them away. They feared that nationalist sentiments might be ex­pressed in the stadium.

In June, 1972, the Baltic area handball championships were held in Vilnius. Representatives from Poland, Germany and other countries participated. There were no Lithuanian, Latvian or Esto­nian representatives. When the spectators began expressing sup­port for the non-Russians during the matches, it was decided to recruit spectators who would be more loyal to the stadium. Tickets were distributed to workers in factories, to students and that of High School No. 35.

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In November of 1973, Security officers came to the residence of Rev. J.(onas) Lauriūnas (Kabeliai, VarėnaRayon) to search the premises. Not yet having produced the order for the search, they attacked the host. "What are you expecting, Smetona? [The last president of independent Lithuania. Trans, note]. It seems that they had noticed a towel with the text of Kudirka's "National Anthem" [The national anthem of independent Lithuania, Trans. Note] hanging on the wall. The priest explained that both Kudirka and the poem were a well-known part of Soviet Lithuanian literature and that the towel was woven before the war by Lithuanian girls of the Šven­čionys area. The Security officers, however, took the fabric down and took it with them as a dangerous item... Kudirka, who in his "Memoirs of a Lithuanian Bridge" described the zeal of the czarist gandarmes, how they snatched each piece of paper, even medical prescriptions, did not fortell that their successors would follow the same "logic/'

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In December, 1974, the Security forces conducting a search of the home of Antanas Terleckas in Vilnius noticed a map of 15th century Lithuania published in the People's Republic of Poland on the wall and reised an uproar.

Is it possible that in Lithuania it is a crime to view such maps?

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On February 16, 1972, (Lithuanian Independence Day) a tri­color (of independent Lithuania) was raised on the Village of Gruzdė, Mažeikiai Rayon. The Security forces determined that the flag was raised by Vladas Majauskas, a 25 year-old vehicle driver. He was placed in a psychiatric hospital.


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