Kybartai (Vilkaviškis Rayon)

On November 17, 1987, AT 2:00 P.M., Birutė Briliūtė, a resident of Kybartai, was summoned to the Office of the Vilkaviškis City KGB. The inter­rogation was conducted by Chekist Stepučinskas from Vilnius. During the in­terrogation, Miss Briliūtė was presented with questions concerning articles taken in the course of a raid September 8,1987. Since Investigator Stepučinskas tried in a tendentious fashion to present literature purely religious in content as vilifying the Soviet system, Briliūtė ignored the interrogation and the next day, through Investigator Stepučinskas, presented to the Chairman of the Vilnius KGB, a petition with the following contents:

"On November 17,1987,1 was summoned to the Vilkaviškis Sub-Sec­tion of the KGB for interrogation. Agent Stepučinskas, who conducted the in­terrogation, questioned me as a witness in a case 'concerning the production and dissemination of literature calumnious in content'.

"Most of the questions posed by Investigator Stepučinskas concerned literature which has nothing and had nothing to do with any kind of calumny (for example, Viksvas' God, the World, and Man, Stasys Yla's Jurgis Matulaitis, a collection of poems by Bernardas Brazdžionis entitled^ Man Travels Tlirough the World).

"The very fact of the confiscation of this literature, I consider at best an oversight on the part of agents who conducted the search and a failure on their part to know their business, and the presentation of this literature as calum­niating the Soviet system, I consider as tendentious ill-will on the part of the KGB agents. All the more, since even Investigator Stepučinskas was unable to explain where the Soviet system is calumniated in the collection of poems by Bernardas Brazdžionis or in the book Jurgis Matulaitis.

"To this he replied that he himself had never read these books, and when requested to read the conclusions of an expert concerning the contents of these books, he declared the books are not separately described in the expert's conclusion, but that a general conclusion is presented that they are 'libellous'.

"After such a reply, the thought naturally occurs that the KGB agents are trying, not to uncover persons libelling the Soviet system, but at any cost, to accuse her of libelling the Soviet system. I refuse to cooperate, in my estimation, in the unjust work of the KGB, and so I demand that my depositions, submitted to Investigator Stepučinskas November 17,1987, be considered invalid. I also request again that the articles taken during the search, September 8,1987, be returned and in the future, to assign persons more seriously prepared for a search (at least already acquainted with the material prepared for an investiga­tion).

"I await your reply in writing within thirty days." 


On November 18,1987, in the Offices of the Vilkaviškis KGB, Inves­tigator Stepučinskas, who had come from Vilnius, interrogated Ona Kavaliaus­kaitė, a resident of Kybartai, Čepajevo sk. 19. The questions posed by the interrogator concerned articles seized during a raid on the apartment of Ona Kavaliauskaitė, September 8, 1987. The chekist was particularly interested whether Miss Kavaliauskaitė knew who was the author of the book, 77ie Flower of the Catacombs, and where she had obtained other books seized during the raid. Ona Kavaliauskaitė refused to sign the report of the interrogation.


On November 18, 1987, Ona Šarakauskaitė, a resident of Kybartai, Čepajevo sk. 19, was questioned. Interrogator Stepučinskas asked whether Šarakauskaitė had not read books seized from Birutė Briliūtė and Ona Kavaliaus­kaitė during the search, and what she knew about other articles seized during the search. Miss Šarakauskaitė said she knew nothing. After the interrogation, she did not sign the report.


On January 8,1988, a raid was carried out at the home of Vilnius resi­dent Petras Cidzikas, residing at Gvazdikų 2. The raid was headed by Counselor of Justice Brikauskas for Especially Important Cases of the L.S.S.R. Procurator's Office.

He read the January 5 decision to carry out the raid with the purpose of seizing papers having to do with the case, that is, in connection with the pub­lication and dissemination of the Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania, and other anti-social activity.

Assisting in the search was Commissioner J. Lauka and J. Topolev. Official witnesses: Vita Kirkilaitė and Irena Markauskaitė, residents of Vilnius. The searchers acted like householders in their own apartment. They knew where everything was. When Topolev asked to go to the basement, he was told, "Don't go, there's nothing there!"

Obviously, the KGB had made themselves at home in the apartment before the raid, without Petras Cidzikas. They seized an open letter to U.S. Con­gressmen, an open letter to General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev about allow­ing the commemoration of February 16 (it was signed by 70 persons), an appeal to people of good-will throughout the world, the Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania, No. 13, and many other underground publications. The search lasted more than three hours.

For dissemination of the Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania, No. 1, in 1972, giving it to others to read, Petras Cidzikas was shut up for years in the special psychiatric hospital in Chernikovsk, Kaliningrad Region.


On January 23,1988, KGB agent R. Savickas visited Kaunas resident Vytautas Vaičiūnas, to warn him not to participate in the February 16 com­memoration. The KGB agent was interested in whether Vaičiūnas knows Vil­nius resident Cidzikas, whether he knows that a raid had been carried out in Cidzikas's home, and what was taken, whether he had signed a petition con­cerning permission to celebrate February 16, whether he read the Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania, etc.

On the way out, he stated, "The less you weep, the less we will bother you."

Attempts are being made to invite the returned prisoners Povilas Pečeliūnas and Jadvyga Bieliauskienė to the State Security Committee for talks.

On January 21,1988, Povilas Pečeliūnas categorically told the security agent who delivered the summons, "You'll get me to that palace only with manacles on my wrists; I will not go voluntarily. I have nothing to say there."

To the militia official demanding that Pečeliūnas quickly obtain employment, he explained that he has a thirty-year work record, so according to the law, it is not necessary to obtain employment, all the less, quickly.

On January 21, Mrs. Bieliauskienė was summoned by telephone to come to the KGB office. She refused to go. The next day, she refused an offi­cial summons, saying that she would not respond to an invitation from people who obstruct democratization, perpetrate crimes, and refuse to accept respon­sibility for millions of martyrs, and if she is arrested, she will not talk to them.