March 11-17, 1975, the Supreme Court of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Lithuania considered the criminal case of Juozas Gražys. The presiding judge was Jankauskas; prosecutor — Bakučionis; counsel for the defense — Kudaba.
Even though the court session was not closed, it was impossible for members of the public to gain access to it. No one close to Gražys was present at the trial. The following were called into court as witnesses: Povilas Petronis, Jonas Stašaitis, Miss Kazėnaitė, (Mrs.) Martinaitienė, (Mrs.) Žemaitienė ir Šemaška-Šemaškevičius.
Gražys is being tried for the third time .
Gražys was accused of helping to collate the Chronicle and of collaboration in gathering news for it. Gražys had alledgedly collated a few issues of the first numbers of theChronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania and about twenty copies of Number 7. He had also reproduced by typewriter a few pamphlets: Between Two Laws, Bishop Matulionis, Problems of the Lithuanian Character, The Trial of Simas Kudirka, Lithuania on the Road to Victory, The Distribution of the National Income (translated by Gražys from the Russian and distributed by him), To You, Lithuania (made a summary).
Kovalev's Wife Interrogated
On February 28, 1975, Major Istominas A.A. interrogated the wife of Sergej Kovalev, L. Boicova, who had brought her husband a parcel. Kovalev is currently being held incommunicado in the headquarters of the Vilnius Security.
A. Lavutas Interrogated
On March 28, 1975, in the quarters of the Vilnius Security, Major Istominas interrogated A. Lavutas, who had brought a parcel for Kovalev. Lavutas refused to cooperate in the interrogations, because, in his words, such interrogation interferes with the free distribution of information. Istominas asked Lavutas whether the 34th number of the Chronicle of Current Events had been published, and explained that Kovalev would not be incriminated in Number 34, but only in Number 33.
Gajauskas, (Mrs.) Pašilienė and Petruševičius Interrogated:
On March 4, 1975 Balys Gajauskas, (Mrs.) Birutė Pašilienė and Algis Petruševičius were interrogated.
The beating of Jaugelis
The Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania, No. 15, carried an article concerning the beating of Virgilius Jaugelis at the Pravieniškiai camp. Here is additional information concerning this event: He was set upon while praying. After this serious beating about the head, he spent a week at the Pravieniškiai prison camp without any qualified medical attention, before being taken to the Lukiškiai prison hospital in Vilnius. En route, he was robbed by criminals.
A surgeon from the Vilnius Cancer Polyclinic, Kasparūnas, diagnosed that Jaugelis is suffering from cancer of the intestines (third stage) and that an immediate operation was indicated. When Jaugelis returns from the prison camp to freedom, in a year's time, the operation will be too late. Jaugelis refused the operation in writing.
Protest of (Mrs.) Jaugelienė
To the Prosecutor of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Lithuania Statement of Monica Jaugelienė, residing in Kaunas, Kalnų g. 7-4: My son, Virgilijus Jaugelis, was sentenced for production of the
Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania. However, he was imprisoned together with criminals and recently was assaulted.
In Spite of Evidence to the Contrary, Lies are Repeated.
The Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania No. 15 wrote about dishonorable falsification by the Soviet press — the newspaper Soviet Teacher accused Radio Vatican of fabricating "dead souls" (teachers) and slandering them.
Even though Radio Vatican unmasked this falsification, it is repeated. The March 20, 1975 radio broadcast of "Akiratis", and the April 4 issue of the weekly Kalba Vilniusannounced again that the Vatican radio broadcasts fabricated information. The Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania checked the facts and adds to the material found in No. 15.
Children Warned Not to Go to Church
Teacher Mažeika who worked in High School No. 25 of Klaipėda, was transferred two years ago to High School No. 18 of Klaipėda. While working at High School No. 5 he mocked students who attended church.
(Miss) Elena Šuliauskaitė Interrogated
Vilnius. On January 30, 1975, (Miss) Elena Šuliauskaitė, Chief Editor of the Vilnius Republican Library, was summoned to the Security Committee of Vilnius. The interrogation lasted more than six hours. Two Security officials interrogated her.
The interrogators asked her to tell them how the birthday of (Miss) Teresė Masytė was celebrated on September 30, 1973. The interrogators called this gathering an anti-Soviet political meeting. They said that all who were present at this gathering had already been questioned and that they had told everything. They demanded to know who inspires, organizes and attends the above-mentioned gathering and other meetings.
Miss Šuliauskaitė denied that she had organized the gathering— a name day celebration. Interrogator Rimkus questioned her about
Bishop Steponavičius and the Rev. Sigitas Tamkevičius, who, in the opinion of the interrogator, slandered the Soviet political order and advocated its overthrow, at a gathering in the Dzūkų Street home of Miss Masytė. The Security officials were especially angry at Father Tamkevičius, for allegedly inciting young people, distributing the Chronicleand the instruction: How to Act During Interrogation. Using various threats, the interrogators tried to obtain statements they needed from the bookkeeper, Miss Šuliauskaitė, but she denied all charges.
STATEMENT OF FR. B. LAURINAVIČIUS
To Deputy for Religious Affairs, Kazimieras Tumėnas
On August 31, 1974, you told parishioners of Adutiškis: P. Burokas, V. Trečiokas, (Mrs.) C. Burokienė and (Mrs.) B. Steponienė: "Re-educate your pastor. In other words, influence him so that he will not obey the Church or his own conscience but only the atheists. If you advised average workers at the collective farm of Adutiškis to reeducate me, please let me ask you, can you be re-educated by the sweeper of your street or the cleaning woman of your office?
I was taught and educated by highly moral and cultured teachers and professors. In forming my viewpoint they allowed and sometimes even ordered me to get to know the ideas of the Marxists-Communists. My viewpoint was formed not by compulsion but freely.
I had the opportunity also to read the publications of freethinkers. However, is there an opportunity today to read the books of people of non-Communist thinking for those forming their viewpoints?
In 1966 I asked for a copy of the Bible at a bookstore in Moscow. The salesman told me frankly: "We never carried the Bible. If you wish to read the Bible you must go to the library, but even there you can get it only with special permission."
From the Dean of the State Pedagogic Institute of Vilnius Order No. 20
Vilnius February 14, 1975
Responsibility of Instructors Organizing and Conducting Student Excursions
Various excursions, art groups, athletic groups and other types of student travel within the republic or outside of its boundaries, as outlined in the curriculum plan have great educational merit in preparing future teachers. The aim is that the students on these excursions, pedagogical practice, work and rest camps, helping agricultural workers, would in their work and conduct live up to the honorable name of a Soviet student, future teacher, Communist youth, and citizen of the L.S.S.R.
On these excursions much time is devoted to academic pursuits and rest. A great deal of funds is also involved. Their success in forming a young specialist depends on the leaders of the collectives, and instructors, who should be properly prepared on their own time for these excursions and who should maintain discipline with the cooperation of the student activist. It is imperative to discuss the results of the excursions in the departments and collectives, to inform the deans about them, and if need be, even the rector's office. Recently, when even the most ordinary organizing and conducting demands of the students' excursions were ignored there were instances of negative influence on the ideological education of the students and on the formation of their Marxist viewpoint.